What Squids and Frogs Taught Us About How Brain Cells Talk

What Squids and Frogs Taught Us About How Brain Cells Talk

Back in the early days of neuroscience, we didn’t study the animals you might expect to learn about how brain cells communicate.

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Sources:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00424-021-02580-9
https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/130/4/887/278000
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1392413/pdf/jphysiol01442-0106.pdf
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/396729
https://muse.jhu.edu/article/404651/pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00424-021-02580-9
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Number-of-Pubmed-indexed-publications-on-different-animal-models-The-number-of_fig1_344353917
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0076687915005510
https://olaw.nih.gov/resources/tutorial/iacuc.htm
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2845060/ https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0361923098000264?casa_token=ty86eF22v4wAAAAA:5kc8eCf6wYhPbptEF6tuBwe875hn-HsLRhVfFcdo75fzxvZp6_STv07vay-YljYH5WtRP_qv

Images:
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/brain-neural-network-and-neurons-synapse-firing—3d-render-bsyeduxowkgpo1rrd
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/62379895
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/65903598
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/science-laboratory-gm1314329972-402576311
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cajal-Restored.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cajal_Retina.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CajalCerebellum.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GolgiStainedPyramidalCell.jpg
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/The-squid-giant-axon-The-giant-axon-is-a-very-large-up-to-1-mm-in-diameter-and-long_fig2_276491039
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Giant_Axon_of_Squid_(14356033761).jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/sodium-potassium-pump-gm601134276-103375657
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blausen_0011_ActionPotential_Nerve.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Action_Potential.gif
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/electric-lighting-energy-animation-seamless-background-or-over-layer-25-fps-bdc9ozkd_koabq6y9
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Galvani-frogs-legs-electricity.jpg
https://www.storyblocks.com/video/stock/heart-tissue-cells-under-the-microscope-hczh_ofnzj4q80mnd
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/3d-illustration-of-cell-membrane-and-lipid-bilayer-gm868860640-145034455
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/marsh-frog-pelophylax-ridibundus-detailed-closeup-gm1177624351-328831776
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/3d-glossy-brain-rendering-isolated-on-white-background-gm1203964080-346240156
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/frog-zoology-anatomy-of-amphibian-gm186359244-28605918

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